YouTube Video Criticism: Journalism or Defamation

Before the internet became so prominent, criticism was contained primarily in newspapers and magazines.  This allowed critics to share their honest opinions about movies, television shows, and books, with some level of protection from defamation lawsuits because they worked for a newspaper which had both financial and constitutional protections.  But now that anyone can post a video on YouTube or on their own website, there is a less clear line between protected journalistic speech and libel. This issue has recently entered the realm video game reviews. In March 2016, video game developer Digital Homicide filed a lawsuit against popular video game critic Jim Sterling for “a history of ‘assault, libel, and slander.’” Sterling posted a video about a Digital Homicide game on November 1, 2014, entitled “SLAUGHTERING GROUNDS – New ‘Worst Game Of 2014’ Contender.”  In the video, Sterling panned the game and its developer for many things, including using art assets purchased rather than created, poor graphical details, and an overall poor quality of the game.  His biggest criticism was that the developer was charging $9.99 for the game which he considered very poor quality.  A day later the developer posted a response video placing text over the original video making fun of Sterling and disputing his claims, to which Sterling responded a few hours later.  This went back and forth for a year and a half, with each side taking shots at each other in various forms, until Digital Homicide filed the law suit. Recently the developer has filed a second lawsuit naming 100 anonymous users of the game website Steam for posting their own negative reviews...